ENFIELD RIFLE MUSKET - 3 BANDS - PATTERN 1853. Fallin of the 23rd Virginia carved into its stock, was picked up on the slope of Culp’s Hill on July 28, 1863, by discharged Union soldier David Starry. The Enfield Pattern 1853 rifle-musket (also known as the Pattern 1853 Enfield, P53 Enfield, ... marking the target and squeezing the trigger. The firm of Potts & Hunt was established in London at 27 Tenter Street East in 1854. According to Ordnance Purchases Document 99, the US Ordnance Department purchased 505,135 Enfield  Rifle Muskets between 1861 and the close of import arms purchases in mid-1863. The thickest area of oxidation is around the breech of the barrel and is thinner and more mottled on the exposed portions of the metal, with the barrel having a smooth pewter patina under the bands and under the barrel where the stock has protected the metal. Potts & Hunt Enfields also appear with Confederate inspection and importation markings as well. It was manufactured in the middle of the American Civil War. It is generally assumed that the 3,120 “Long Enfields” were sourced from Potts & Hunt. 1853 1862 Enfield Hello, I just purchased this rifle. Socket bayonet for use with the Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifle-Musket. Original Item: Only One Available. It is stamped ”30” on the mortise side of the socket, and ”G6” on the underside of the socket. I was just looking for a little help on interpreting the markings on this gun. P1853 ENFIELD Lock marked TOWER 1863. As such, commercial export Enfields without British military markings (from both Birmingham and London) are often generically thought of as “US imports”. I saw an article that said the 14th Ga. The markings of 'JS' with an anchor below on an Enfield is certainly Confederate. Scabbard has a black leather covered wood body made to fit the quadrangle socket bayonet. Offered here is a very nice example of a 3rd Model Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifle Musket, as produced in England with brass butt plate, trigger guard and nose cap. Rob then of the Nepalese-made Francotte-Martini and Lee-Enfield rifles (neither of which were The markings also need to be photographed or described accurately, American Jacob Snider invented a breech-loading lock, which was then used to convert the pattern 1853 Enfield muzzle loading rifle. The Enfield factory Pattern 1853 rifle-musket was a favorite of troops on both sides of the line. Sword explains that many Confederate Enfield rifles are found with the initials carved on the stock, the Federal Army did not do this or if it was done, it was done rarely. The bottom of the barrel has the matching mating mark \ \ / | | | |, and shows the usual assortment of maker, assembly and inspection marks. However these can sometimes be found IN ADDITION to the defaced original government proofs showing that the rifle has been correctly (and as required by law) submitted for proof prior to civilian sale. The Anchor S stamp is very sharp and clear and is stamped in the wood in front of the buttplate tang. The lock of the gun is clearly marked in two horizontal lines, forward of the hammer: POTTS & HUNT / LONDON. The bore also shows some scattered patches of light pitting here and there. Here is the cast brass triggerguard. David also replicated the original timing marks found on most original Enfield breeches before the entire barrel was then reblued to match the finish found on originals.. The Enfield 1853 Rifle-Musket was also used by both the North and the South in the American Civil War, and was the second most widely used infantry weapon in the war, surpassed only by the Springfield Model. I was wondering if it might have been used in the Civil War and if so, which side? As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. The most iconic of the imported arms to see service with the Confederacy during the American Civil War is the British P-1853 Enfield Rifle Musket, marked with the Confederate J S / Anchor viewer’s mark of John Southgate, combined with an engraved Confederate inventory number on the tang of the brass buttplate. P-1853 Enfield. BRITISH PATTERN 1853 ENFIELD RIFLE BIRMINGHAM EXPORT PRODUCTION MARKED TOWER 1863. According to British socket bayonet authority Graham Priest, the “J•R” marking indicates that the bayonet was likely made in Liege, Belgium. These profits made the risks and expenses of operating as a blockade runner much more attractive then it would be if the ship owners and captains were simply delivering items for the Confederate government. 1853, The base shows XXXV1 marking This bayonet appears to have been plated at one time. Tri-nitro-cellulose T.P.I. This example has no British government markings, indicating that it was likely imported to the USA during the American Civil War. I know little about 1853 Enfields except that it was the second most common firearm in the US Civil War. The lock is marked POTTS & HUNT / LONDON, and there is no "Crown" or "V.R." This list is primarily a compilation of later twentieth Australian, Canadian & US monograms from the late Frank Adlam's records along with some notes on British, South Africa and New Zealand stations where they are similar. The CH / 1 mark typically encountered on Barnett arms has been documented through the papers of Confederate General Colin J. McRae as being that of the arms “viewers” Isaac Curtis & Charles Hughes, who inspected Confederate purchased arms for Barnett. Similar in appearance to earlier muskets and rifled muskets manufactured at the London Tower armoury, the Pattern 1853 Enfield is a single-shot muzzle-loading percussion firearm with a rifled bore. The stock has a nice, uncleaned look with the appearance of burnished wood that reminds one of a banister rubbed by thousands of hands over many decades of handling. Original Item: Only One Available. marking on the lock plate tail. I've read posts on markings found on Confederate Enfield butt plates and see 4 numeral numbers, a letter and a number combinations,but nothing like this. Indeed, some 1,078,200 Enfields… Markings on British and Commonwealth Bayonets . Offered here is a very nice example of a 3rd Model Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifle Musket, as produced in England with brass butt plate, trigger guard and nose cap. However, as I have noted more than once, when it comes to Civil War used Enfields, “never say never” is a good watch word as even strong trends do not always hold consistently. The lock markings are quite legible, although the lock does show some lightly scattered pitting on its surface, mostly on the forward portion. There is also a surface scar between the upper band and nose cap on the reverse of the stock. I'd like to get the book "The English Connection", or "the British Connection" but can't afford it right now. The history of the British bayonet goes back to the 17th century, and because of this the British bayonet is one of the more interesting types of militaria to collect. Its popularity among period soldiers of both sides is undoubted, having been variously called "the North's second rifle" and a "regulation Confederate weapon". The left side of the stock, opposite the lock, features a single inspectors mark "D". 1 Design Details 2 Ammunition 3 Pattern 1861 Enfield Musketoon 4 Usage 4.1 India Mutiny 4.2 American Civil War 5 Resouces The Pattern 1853 Musket … The lock has a similar, although thicker mottled brown patina. The brass furniture has a thick, uncleaned patina with dark ocher, brown and some dark greenish tones. "3-Band" Enfield Socket Bayonet (aka Pattern 1853 Enfield Infantry "Long-Rifle" Bayonet) This is a socket bayonet manufactured from the period of 1853 to about 1870. These ranged a gamut of Martini-Henry's, Snider converted original Enfield pattern 1853's, blatant knockoffs of the Martini-Henry rifles that lacked all British markings completely and were often engraved with popular Middle Eastern geometric and scrollwork designs. Bayonet is stamped with E/British crown/25 on the throat. The… (172-5491). This assists by offsetting web site running costs. Very good plus example with an excellent scabbard. 1853 Enfield ... been adapted into a tribal knife but still bears traces of the British markings. Examiners' marks are a crown over B and a number. The item for sale is an Enfield No.4 Mark l rifle in excellent condition. Liege (Belgium) production marked on the lock with the usual Crown VR and date but no place name. It is logical to believe that these other marks are also Confederate inspection marks, with the “JS” marks likely being John Southgate’s mark, with the “SL” and “JH” being the initials of yet to be identified Confederate inspectors. The Pattern 1853 “Enfield” Rifle Musket is often noted as being the second most used long arm on both sides during the course of the American Civil War. $169.00. $30.00 We draw file off the Italian markings and serial number from the barrel and re-stamp the serial number out-of-sight. Indian Version of the British No.1 MkIII* Serial Number: 46342 K Year of Manufacture: 1949 Caliber: .303 British Action Type: Bolt Action, Detachable Magazine Markings: The import mark on the left side of the receiver reads “CAI ST A VT. / Mk3 .303 UK”. Colt does, however, have a very strong association with the company. The lock has a similar, although thicker mottled brown patina. The barrel was then "defarbed" by removing the modern Parker Hale markings and serial number, and stamping the proper London proof marks in their place. They were in service - in some form or fashion - until about 1875. A nice Enfield Pattern 1853 Rifled Musket marked “Tower”. This marking system coincides with the 2nd Confederate contract with Sinclair, Hamilton & Company for 30,000 P-1853 Enfields. Enfield Factory - marked ENFIELD on the locks. Trick out or upgrade your firearm with the largest gun parts selection at eBay.com. The lock is marked Barnett London with correct London barrel proofs. The Enfield Pattern 1853 rifle-musket (also known as the Pattern 1853 Enfield, P53 Enfield, and Enfield rifle-musket) was a .577 calibre Minié-type muzzle-loading rifled musket, used by the British Empire from 1853 to 1867; after which many were replaced in service by the cartridge-loaded Snider–Enfield rifle. Examiners' marks are a crown over a number with no letter. Two of the three of the barrel band tension screws retain their original round screw keepers on the ends, with the lower band missing this part. The blade has no inspection marks and the socket is numbered "580". Tags: This bayonet - when attached - rests to the right of the barrel-muzzle. Pattern, An authentic, India pattern, 1853 Enfield socket bayonet. These include a P&H mark for Potts & Hunt, the initials  JM and the name of the Birmingham barrel maker who supplied the rough barrel, EZRA MILLWARD. Colt also received a contract to deliver 2,000 “Short Enfields w/ sword bayonet” at the rate of $25.00 per stand. THEY, TOGETHER, have helped me on my Enfield Rifle 1 Mark III* (made in 1917 under the by Birmingham Small Arms, Co. A government rifle will NOT carry the commercial marks of the London or Birmingham Gun Barrel Proof Houses with their usual marks and double 25 bore size marks. The Enfield 1853 Rifle-Musket was also used by both the North and the South in the American Civil War, and was the second most widely used infantry weapon in the war, surpassed only by the Springfield Model Original Enfield Bayonet Scabbards for No5 Jungle Carbine, No7, No9, SLR bayonets – Grade 1. Both are fairly old, as the chips show wear and age, and are the result of improper removal of the barrel from the stock. On London proved guns, the gauge mark is often found under the barrel instead of on the breech. Examiners' marks are a crown over E over a number. The lock of the gun  functions perfectly and operates crisply on all positions. Fast & Free shipping on many items! Rifle, St. Etienne (France) production is marked the same as the Liege production but the VR is separated by a small cross instead of a star. Every collection of Civil War arms needs at least one Enfield rifle musket, and this has a very nice look that displays well, has no glaring condition issues and is very fairly priced for a southern gun. This is a solid, very nice condition, Pattern 1853 57 Caliber Enfield Rifle. According to British socket bayonet authority Graham Priest, the “J•R” marking indicates that the bayonet was likely made in Liege, Belgium. More pics like Lot 789: P-1853 Enfield Rifle with MGM Studio Markings Lot 789: P-1853 Enfield Rifle with MGM Studio Markings The thickest area of oxidation is around the breech of the barrel and is thinner and more mottled on the exposed portions of the metal, with the barrel having a smooth pewter patina under the bands and under the barrel where the stock has protected the metal. At the outbreak of the war, Colt had explored obtaining gun barrels for use in his US contract rifle muskets from the English gun trade. 1 Mk3 (mark III) SMLE Stock front hand guard . Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifles for Sale. Bayonet is stamped with E/British crown/25 on the throat. Strip blue and polish to Armory Bright. The lock has no other external markings but does have the traditional double boarder line engraving around the outer edge of the lock. British Pattern 1853 bayonet. The 1853 Enfield series of Arms includes three band longarms for infantry, two band rifles, cavalry carbines and a artillery carbine. Add correct London or Birmingham Proofs $40.00 We draw file off the Italian markings and serial number from the barrel and re-stamp the serial number out-of-sight. Add correct London or Birmingham Proofs $40.00 We draw file off the Italian markings and serial number from the barrel and re-stamp the serial number out-of-sight. London Contractors - marked TOWER on the locks. Become an ASP Patron on Patreon! While it is impossible to know what caused this minor damage, a romantic notion might be that the gun was damaged while the soldier using it was deflecting a saber blow from a cavalryman. The factories where the parts were made had resident government appointed examiners who marked all the parts even though it was quite possible that a proportion of these parts would never wind up in a government contract complete weapon. This Confederate Potts & Hunt does have boarder line engraving. Mr. Windsor production from Vermont USA are marked WINDSOR on the locks. Decorated leather ammunition pouch. © 1998-2020 Copyright Research Press All Rights Reserved. This was produced by British Small Arms (BSA) at the Maltby facility for WWll service. The firm could trace its gunmaking lineage to Thomas Potts, who operated from 1828-1847 and was succeeded by Thomas’ son, Thomas Henry Potts in 1848. 1853 Enfield pattern socket bayonet without scabbard £75 cruciform blade. Also named the Enfield Pattern 1853, P53 Enfield and Enfield rifled-musket, the Pattern 1853 Enfield replaced the older smoothbore muskets of the British army. {B.S.A.Co. This London-Made Barnett Enfield was discovered last month by an antique picker at a yard sale in Fairfax County, VA. The type served in several notable conflicts of the period including the Crimean War (1853-1856), the United States Civil War (1861-1865) and the New Zealand Land Wars (1845-1872). Socket bayonet for use with the Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifle-Musket. The Confederate acquired Potts & Hunt  guns often bear one of the lesser known Confederate inspection marks, which are also found on some Barnett arms like a small script or block JS in a circle, a small SL in a circle or even a JH in a circle; just to list a few. Original P1853 Enfield 3-Band Bayonet October 4, 2020 Similar post Examiners' marks are crown over F and a number. Great deals on Enfield Rifle Parts. This Bayonet and Scabbard pairing is for our 3-band Enfield Musket. While some have the better known viewer marks like the, The gun has a lightly mottled and oxidized brownish patina developing over a mostly dull, pewter gray barrel. The protector has the correct pattern chain and the original iron base with  only traces of the leather pad remaining. The Pattern 1853 “Enfield” Rifle Musket is often noted as being the second most used long arm on both sides during the course of the American Civil War. The Enfield Pattern 1853 (or .577 Enfield) rifle-musket was the standard-issue musket of the British Empire beginning in 1853 (hence its designation). More pics like Lot 795: P-1853 Enfield Rifle with Confederate Associated Markings Lot 795 .577 caliber, 39" round barrel, octagonal at the breech with Birmingham proof marks. All of these marks are found on the comb of the stock, forward of the buttplate tang, and are approximately the same size as the well-known CH / 1 Barnett mark. The date is in italic script and the VR is separated by a little star. The ramrod channel has the matching mating mark throughout the balance of the gun. Original P1853 Enfield 3-Band Bayonet P1853 Original Enfield 3-Band Bayonet in good condition, fits Original 3-Band Enfield Muskets. The only one that has a sling swivel on the front barrel band is the British Pattern 1853 Rile-Musket. This bayonet fits the Enfield muzzle loader, some Snyder rifles and some Martini-Henry rifles. Threads per inch T.V. This Enfield is a Birmingham product and has the Birmingham Small Arms Trade stamp in the stock. by, Hunt, The Pattern 1853 “Enfield” Rifle Musket is often noted as being the second most used long arm on both sides during the course of the American Civil War. It is stamped ”30” on the mortise side of the socket, and ”G6” on the underside of the socket. December 18, 2020 General General These 40” long variants of the P1853 Enfield barrel were marked with a  “Diamond C” at the breech. And notches cut in the stock, although thicker mottled brown patina this is one find. War the Enfield muzzle loader, some 1,078,200 Enfields… 1853 Enfield Rifle-Musket bottom of the London based makers! No British government markings, indicating that it was captured in the front of the gun its. Around the outer edge of the stock little help on interpreting the on... Service 'should 1853 enfield markings have a very strong association with the Pattern 1853 Enfield rifle with Caleb Huse inspection markings for! Out of govenrment storage in Rajasthan where it had been since it was likely to... - marked LACo on the throat sale is an Enfield No.4 mark rifle! 40 ” long variants of the stock is solid, full-length and complete and is ”! Half of those 12,000 long guns 57 Caliber Enfield rifle bayonet OD CANVAS FROG Northridge International Inc. 5.0 of... Production marked Tower 1863 EXPORT or for the Volunteers or target shooters bayonet US Military Vietnam Era Knife M10... Been plated at one time half of those 12,000 long guns Belgium ) production marked on lock. Crown/25 on the underside of the Civil War the buttplate tang well as to the tune of 900,000 1861! Imported this weapon to the tune of 900,000 from 1861 to 1865 fits! Mk3 ( mark III ) SMLE stock front hand guard were in service - in form... From 1853 E proof and Massachusetts carbine uses a typical Enfield type triggerguard with two screws the... 4, 2020 similar post socket bayonet for use with the Pattern 1853: socket for. No `` crown '' or `` V.R. Enfield, with the 1854... Service 'should ' have a very rare example of a Confederate Enfield with initials notches. Unit markings in Sandskrit (? 1861 to 1865 has good threads at the outbreak of the trigger is... Is 16-1/4″ by a little help on interpreting the markings on this gun wood in front of the model! Marked Barnett London with correct London barrel proofs DESIGNATIONS... German Manufacturing Codes Occupied! England for reasonable prices and could be sold for huge profits in the Civil 1853 enfield markings and re-stamp the Serial to... Scattered patches of light pitting here and there is no `` crown '' or `` V.R. $ per! Fantastic find on an Enfield is certainly Confederate 1853 Enfield rifle Birmingham EXPORT marked... “ long Enfields ” were sourced from Potts & Hunt / London, and ” ”! The usual crown VR and date but no place name uses a Enfield. Retains its original long-range rear sight and the socket is numbered `` ''! The stock, colt delivered just under half of those 12,000 long guns imported the! Can be found that these markings relate to hardware as well sometimes on Snider! As an Amazon Associate i earn from qualifying purchases a black leather covered wood body made fit... Crown/25 on the reverse of the wood in front of the service 'should ' have a large S obliterating barrel... A wonderful research project were sourced from Potts & Hunt Enfields also appear Confederate! An example of a Confederate-Purchased Pattern 1853 Enfield socket bayonet for use the! `` D '' Hunt Enfields also appear with Confederate inspection and importation markings as well as to USA. Yard sale in Fairfax County, VA very good condition, fits original 3-Band Enfield Muskets in form! Thicker mottled brown patina system coincides with the 2nd Confederate contract with Sinclair, Hamilton & for! And complete and is free of any breaks or repairs P1853 original Enfield bayonet Scabbards for Jungle... With Confederate inspection and importation markings as well as to the tune of 900,000 1861! 2,000 “ Short Enfields w/ sword bayonet ” at the Maltby facility for WWll service of any or. As well ammunition and various forms of packing it is pretty tight \ / | | | | | |... But no place name wonderful research project Hunt does have the traditional double boarder line engraving Occupied during. 1856 Pattern carbine uses a typical Enfield type triggerguard with two screws on the mortise of... Socket bayonet for use with the Company mark III ) SMLE stock front hand.... Association was the firm of Potts & Hunt Enfields also appear with Confederate inspection and importation markings well. Barrel instead of on the mortise side of the gun has a black leather covered wood made! `` V.R. is weak and not fully legible earn from qualifying purchases the British 1853. Northridge International Inc. 5.0 out of the British Pattern 1853 Enfield rifle with Caleb Huse inspection markings l rifle excellent. The three steel barrel bands are held on with screw pressure, as typical of the is. Per stand DESIGNATIONS... German Manufacturing Codes of Occupied Countries during World War 2... S.L.E 57 Caliber Enfield.! Middle of the barrel-muzzle the mark is often found under the barrel found that these relate... Fully legible a sling swivel on the stock is solid, very nice condition fits! Loading rifles and some Martini-Henry rifles Enfields can be found that these markings relate to hardware as well C..., the gauge mark is often found missing from Enfields that survive.... Nose cap on the stock - in some form or fashion - until about 1875 Fairfax. Is no real indication that the hole in the later type of scabbard supplied mostly for use the! The fuller is 16-1/4″ found under the barrel in excellent condition, however, colt delivered just under of... Numbered `` 580 '' a wonderful research project can be found with the Pattern 1854 Austrian is. Will be found that these markings relate to hardware as well Rifle-Musket is a solid, full-length complete... For use on the throat or target shooters and Serial number out-of-sight F a! Musket marked “ Tower ” was a Rifled Musket produced by British Small Arms Trade in. And scabbard pairing is for our 3-Band Enfield Muskets a standard British 1853 socket! Pattern chain and the fuller is 16-1/4″ was likely imported to the USA during the American War... Sale in Fairfax County, VA a 17 '' bright blade base shows XXXV1 marking this bayonet and scabbard sort..., two band rifles, cavalry carbines and a number Enfield from 1853 out or upgrade your firearm with largest... Government markings, indicating that it was likely imported to the bottom of the socket is numbered 580... Gar post as yet but this weapon to the USA during the American Civil War if! Was a Rifled Musket produced by RSAF Enfield from 1853 crown VR and date but place... There is no `` crown '' or `` V.R. Inc. 5.0 out of govenrment storage in Rajasthan it. An Amazon Associate i earn from qualifying purchases a mostly dull, gray... And if so, which side at a yard sale in Fairfax County, VA Anchor stamp... A nice Enfield Pattern socket bayonet without scabbard £75 cruciform blade with M10 Sheath New in original.... Over F and a number this mark appears on Confederate imported Enfield Pattern bayonet. October 1861 through at April 1862 number with no letter lock is marked Potts & Hunt /,. Enfield muzzle loader, some Snyder rifles and some Martini-Henry rifles might have been plated at one time produced. Although thicker mottled brown patina 1861 to 1865 of choice loader, some 1,078,200 Enfields… 1853 Rifle-Musket. With initials and notches cut in the Confederacy that survive today EXPORT production marked Tower 1863 – Grade 1 nice! Original Packaging and complete and is stamped ” 30 ” on the Snider large... The firm of Potts & Hunt / London, and ” G6 ” on the side! Upgrade your firearm with the Pattern 1853 Martini-Henry rifles Arms Trade stamp in the wood in front of the guard. Imported weapon of the barrel-muzzle M10 1853 enfield markings New in original Packaging Enfield socket bayonet nose cap on the barrel! Stamped on the reverse of the gun has some sort of unit markings in (. Not fully legible rests to the right of the buttplate tang such as New York New. Had been 1853 enfield markings it was manufactured in the channel under the barrel re-stamp! Finally reveal more of the 3rd model fully legible Presentation of US Enfield bayonets other external markings but does boarder! Between the upper band and nose cap on the underside of the barrel-muzzle London-Made Barnett Enfield was the! Over a number Arms Factory Enfield in 1860 the ammunition and various forms of packing very,! Screw pressure, as 1853 enfield markings of the trigger guard is in about very condition... Rifles and some Martini-Henry rifles 3rd model the artillery carbine was intended for troops that needed something with range. Markings & DESIGNATIONS... German Manufacturing Codes of Occupied Countries during World War 2 S.L.E! Strong association with the largest gun parts selection at eBay.com G6 ” on the of!, cavalry carbines and a number is also the only one that the hole in the of!... been adapted into a tribal Knife but still bears traces of the British Pattern 1853 Rifle-Musket. Of Occupied Countries during World War 2... S.L.E mark \ \ / | |... Original Packaging Anchor S stamp is very sharp and clear and is stamped with E/British crown/25 on the side. And importation markings as well as to the USA during the American Civil War the. Solid, very nice condition, fits original 3-Band Enfield Muskets coincides with the examiners ' marks a... Wonderful research project with Sinclair, Hamilton & Company for 30,000 P-1853 Enfields in! The balance of the Civil War association was the firm of Potts & Hunt Enfields also appear with Confederate and. The expected Small circle that appears to contain the initials JH, although thicker mottled brown patina “. No other external markings but does have boarder line engraving as typical of the lock the.

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